Prescott is located in Arizona's central mountains; four mild seansoffer just enough variation to make the weather both moderate and interesting. Prescott is located 96 miles northwest of Phoenix and 90 miles southwest of Flagstaff, Arizona. The city was established in 1864, incorporated in 1881 and is the seat of governmnet for Yavapai county. The city is names in honor of noted historian William Hickling Prescott.
Mile-high Prescott has an ideal four-season climate, with elevation and mountain breezes keeping summer temperatures from reaching the high levels of the Phoenix desert. Temperatures rarely exceed 90 degrees, and most days are filled with sunshine. Humidity is a moderate 45% year-round. July marks Prescott's monsoon season with cool afternoon thunderstorms.
The discovery of gold in 1861 brought national attention to whatlater became the territory of Arizona. These discoveries drew the attention of President Abraham Lincoln who was looking for possible sources of funding for the North during the Civil War. Arizona became a Territory February 24, 1863. John Goodwin, was the first Territorial Governor, established Prescott as the first Territorial Capital.
Prescott developed rapidy, and in 1865 it was described as being built exclusively of wood and in habited almost entirely by Americans. Both of these facts made it unique among early communities. Prescott lost its title as the Capital of Arizona to Tucson and finally to Phoenix in 1889. In 1900, a devasting fire burned a large portion of downtown Prescott to the ground. Many of the buildings you see today were rebuilt following the fire. Today, many of Prescott's residential streets are lined with tall trees and pitched-roof frame houses, including turreted Victorians. Prescott has over 700 homes and businesses listed in the National Register of Historic Places. Its granite courthouse set among green lawns and spreading trees reflects the Mid westwen and New England background of Prescott's early pioneers, thus coining the phrase, "Everybody's Hometown."